OSLO–Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt said he did not "think that the recognition of Kosovo’s independence by the international community can be viewed as precedent for other [ethnic] conflicts." He added that such cases should be approached delicately. "The situation in the Balkans requires caution. All engaged in other regional conflicts should keep in mind the great differences between the Balkans and other countries." When touching upon current so-called "frozen conflicts," Bildt said "territorial integrity of states is very important but problems should be resolved via dialogue. Resumption of violence in Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Nagorno Karabakh and Transdnester will be in no one’s interests. I think it’s in Russia’s interests to treat the situation in the region with care and respect toward international principles." In a related matter, the foreign ministers of the unrecognized republics of South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Transdnester issued a memorandum, delivered by the Russian representative to the UN, urging the international body to not consider a proposal put forth by Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova (GUAM) on principles for ethnic conflict resolution. The issue of "Frozen conflicts on the GUAM territory, their influence on international peace, security and development" submitted by GUAM was included into the agenda of the 61st session of the UN General Assembly as an amendment, explained the memorandum signed by Abkhazia, Transdenester and South Ossetia. "Raising of the issue in the General Assembly but not in the Security Council proves that this provocative steps emanates from the wish to use the UN General Assembly for enlisting support for their predatory aims and grounding military operations for oppressing the legal aspiration of our peoples to live in peace," read the memorandum. Presenting the story of their formation, the unrecognized republics called upon the permanent members of the UN to not allow GUAM to lead the discussion in a manner that was beneficial for the governmen’s of those states and urged the UN to include representatives of unrecognized republics in future conflict resolution discussions.