The head of ARF’s parliamentary block Levon Mkrtchian–said a resolution to the conflict in Mountainous Karabagh first and foremost requires that the main players–Armenia and Azerbaijan–reach an agreement. He was referring to recent theories put forth by international government and non-governmental political circles in speculating about the conflict’s outcome.
"A resolution to the Karabagh conflict holds geopolitical significance–not only in the region–but also internationally. There are serious interests in the region–and a resolution holds unique significance in guaranteeing the security of the entire region.
He said that though various–mostly reputable think-tanks are involved in researching the Karabagh matter–their theories can be "objective" only if the conflicting sides agree to their formula.
Jane’s Information Group recently released a report analyzing the chances for peaceful regulation of the Mountainous Karabagh conflict. In that report they write: "The Armenian and Azerbaijani presidents and the co-chairs of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe’s (OSCE) Minsk Group have been uncommonly optimistic about the prospects of a peaceful settlement to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in 2006. This is the first time since the 2001 failed negotiations in Key West when significant progress has been presumed prior to talks."
They also say that Armenia is in a "compromising mood," thus "inclined to accept the step-by-step approach to peace by withdrawing Armenian troops from the occupied regions of Azerbaijan around Nagorno-Karabakh–and letting displaced Azerbaijanis return to their homes before deciding on the final status of Nagorno-Karabakh. Meanwhile–Azerbaijan has finally approved the notion of a future referendum in Nagorno-Karabakh to decide the final status of the disputed region. International mediators have advocated the idea of a referendum for some time–however until now this had been opposed by Baku. Furthermore–there is hope that economic co-operation and linking transport and communication infrastructure will allow for improved relations between Baku and Yerevan. International peacekeepers are then expected to be stationed in the conflict zone to ensure the security of the civilian population."