YEREVAN (Armenpress)–Unemployment and better pay abroad are the main reasons people leave Armenia to seek work abroad, according to a new study presented November 28 by the OSCE Office in Yerevan.
The study, which covers the period 2005-2007, presents the dynamics of labor migration from Armenia, providing valuable information to policy-makers and the public. It follows an earlier study covering the period 2002-05.
"We hope that this study will be a useful instrument for state officials, academics, international organizations, NGOs and potential migran’s to accurately assess the realities and find possible solutions to existing problems," said Marc Bojanic, Deputy Head of the OSCE Office in Yerevan.
46.5 percent of surveyed migran’s said that unemployment was the main reason to leave Armenia to work abroad while 43 per cent stressed that jobs in Armenia do not pay enough.
The study also showed that rural residents are increasingly migrating, and that Russia remains the most popular destination. The percentage of female migran’s dropped from 14.1 per cent between 2002-2004 and 6.5 per cent from 2005-2006, according to the survey.
The study also found that the majority of young people, aged 20-35, with degree’s in higher education have majored in economists, medicine, teaching and engineering. Some 9 percent of young people and 14 percent of senior citizens received vocational training.
The study, conducted among 500 households, shows that 18 percent had received higher education. 90 percent of men and 20 percent of women’surveyed had a secondary education, while 18.4 percent of men and 18.1 percent off women had received higher education.
The study also shows that the gap between living conditions of Yerevan residents and population beyond has grown wider since 2005.
According to the study, 28 percent of people aged 16-20 are currently majoring at universities and 6 percent at vocational schools.
The survey was conducted by the non-governmental organization Advanced Social Technologies with OSCE Office support.